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Demokratizatsiya is the process of democratization introduced into the government of the Soviet Union by the reforms of Michael Gorbachev.

28th Party Congress

The 28th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union held in July, 1990 was characterized by a wide-ranging discussion of the history, situation, and possible alternatives for the Soviet government, however there was a failure to arrive at a consensus on a path forward based on socialism.[1]


Democratic freedom resulted in revival of Nationalism in both Russia and the other constituent Soviet republics, particularly in the Baltic Republics, but also in Georgia, Armenia, Ukraine, Moldova, and is the Muslim Republics.

Dual power

Creation of a separate democratic government in the Russian Republic, which came to be dominated by Boris Yeltsin resulted in a system of dual power with Russia under Boris Yeltsin struggling for power with the Soviet Union. Based on a platform of democracy and free enterprise Boris Yeltsin successfully positioned himself as the champion of the people and defeated both the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Gorbachev and, together with the leaders of the other Soviet republics, dissolved the Soviet Union, with Russia assuming most of its territory, assets, and international position as a super power.

See also


  1. Pages 167 to 173, Robert V. Daniels, The End of the Communist Revolution, Routledge (1993), trade paperback, 222 pages, ISBN0-415-06159-4