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Leninism was developed by V. I. Lenin and other loyal comrades; it is based on the experiences of the Russian revolution of 1917 and the historical events that proceeded it. It is a theoretical framework which addresses issues such as, working class organisation, the role of revolutionaries and the vanguard party, the nature of the imperialist epoch of capitalism, the role of the peasantry and the concept of social-democracy. Leninists believe that socialism will not arise spontaneously through the natural decay of capitalism, and that workers by themselves are unable to organize and develop socialist consciousness, therefore the working class requires the leadership of a vanguard of professional revolutionaries. After taking power, Leninists seek to create a socialist state governed by the vanguard party; they see this as being essential for laying the foundations for a socialist society and more importantly, a transitory stage to eventual communism. It must be stressed though, that Leninism has branched off into three distinct factions: Trotskyism, Stalinism and Maoism.