Scientific communism

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Scientific communism was one of the three major ingredients of Marxism-Leninism as taught in the Soviet Union in all institutions of higher education and pursued in the corresponding research institutions, and departments. The discipline consisted in investigation of laws, patterns, ways, and forms of class struggle, socialist revolution, and development of socialism and construction of communism. Towards the end of the Soviet Union, the exam was not particularly difficult and often was treated more a formality then a serious step in social indoctrination.

Passing exams in scientific communism was an obligatory prerequisite in obtaining any postgraduate scientific degree in the Soviet Union; see "Kandidat" article for details.

Typical courses of study included the following topics, among others.

  • Origins and development of the communist theory
  • Theory of socialist revolution
  • International communist movement
  • Dictatorship of the proletariat
  • Transformation of socialism into communism
  • Socialist democracy
  • Communist interpersonal relations and upbringing
  • Criticisms of anti-communism

Other components of Marxism-Leninism


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