Sixth Buddhist Council

From Wikinfo
Revision as of 04:15, 24 March 2017 by Peter jackson (talk | contribs) (31 revisions imported)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search


Search for "Sixth_Buddhist_Council" on Wikipedia  • Wikimedia Commons • Wiktionary • Wikiquote • Wikibooks • MediaWiki  • Wikia • Wikitravel • Google • Amazon • Recent NY Times

For criticism see Criticism of Sixth Buddhist Council

The Sixth Buddhist Council was an assembly of around 2500 monks representing the whole Theravada world, which was held in Rangoon from 1954 to 1956. Its purpose was to approve the text for a printed edition of the Pali Canon.

The text had been prepared in advance. Committees for different parts of the Canon had compared different editions and manuscripts, and their recommendations were considered by an editorial committee representing all five Theravada countries. Its decisions were then ratified by the Council, which recited the texts over the 2-year period.

According to one source,[1] the Council was tape recorded.

Sessions

After the opening ceremonies, the proceedings of the Council were held in five sessions.[2]


First session: 17 May to 7 July 1954

Presiding: The Venerable Nyaungun Sayadaw of Burma

Recited:

  1. Vinaya Pitaka


Second session: 15 November 1954 to 29 January 1955

Presiding: The Venerable Nyaungun Sayadaw of Burma

Recited:

  1. Digha Nikaya
  2. Majjhima Nikaya
  3. Samyutta Nikaya


Third session: 28 April to 28 May 1955

Presiding: Their Holinesses the Supreme Patriarchs of Cambodia and Laos

Recited:

  1. Anguttara Nikaya
  2. Dhammasangani
  3. Vibhanga
  4. Dhatukatha
  5. Puggalapannatti
  6. Kathavatthu
  7. Yamaka


Fourth session: 16 December 1955 to 16 February 1956

Presiding: His Holiness the President of the Supreme Sangha Council of Thailand

Recited:

  1. Patthana
  2. Khuddakapatha
  3. Dhammapada
  4. Udana
  5. Itivuttaka
  6. Suttanipata
  7. Vimanavatthu
  8. Petavatthu
  9. Theragatha
  10. Therigatha
  11. Therapadana
  12. Theri Apadana
  13. Buddhavamsa
  14. Cariyapitaka
  15. Maha Niddesa
  16. Cula Niddesa


Fifth session: 23 April to 24 May 1956

Presiding: The Most Venerable Head of the Malwatta Chapter of the Siyam Nikaya (Ceylon)

Recited:

  1. Jataka
  2. Patisambhidamagga
  3. Netti
  4. Petakopadesa
  5. Milindapanha

The edition of the Canon

Each volume was published once the recitation had reached its end. Thus the volumes were originally published in the following order. (Reprints sometimes followed other orders, as do the electronic transcripts.)

  1. Parajika (Vinaya Pitaka)
  2. Pacittiya (Vinaya Pitaka)
  3. Maha Vagga (Vinaya Pitaka)
  4. Cula Vagga (Vinaya Pitaka)
  5. Parivara (Vinaya Pitaka)
  6. Silakkhandha Vagga (Digha Nikaya)
  7. Maha Vagga (Digha Nikaya)
  8. Pathika Vagga (Digha Nikaya)
  9. Mula Pannasa (Majjhima Nikaya)
  10. Majjhima Pannasa (Majjhima Nikaya)
  11. Upari Pannasa (Majjhima Nikaya)
    1. Sagatha
    2. and Nidana Vaggas (Samyutta Nikaya)
    1. Khandha
    2. and Salayatana Vaggas (Samyutta Nikaya)
  12. Maha Vagga (Samyutta Nikaya)
    1. Ekaka
    2. Duka
    3. Tika
    4. and Catukka Nipatas (Anguttara Nikaya)
    1. Pancaka
    2. Chakka
    3. and Sattaka Nipatas (Anguttara Nikaya)
    1. Atthaka
    2. Navaka
    3. Dasaka
    4. and Ekadasaka Nipatas (Anguttara Nikaya)
  13. Dhammasangani
  14. Vibhanga
    1. Dhatukatha
    2. Puggalapannatti
  15. Kathavatthu
  16. Yamaka part 1
  17. Yamaka part 2
  18. Yamaka part 3
  19. Patthana part 1
  20. Patthana part 2
  21. Patthana part 3
  22. Patthana part 4
  23. Patthana part 5
    1. Khuddakapatha
    2. Dhammapada
    3. Udana
    4. Itivuttaka
    5. Suttanipata
    1. Vimanavatthu
    2. Petavatthu
    3. Theragatha
    4. Therigatha
  24. Therapadana part 1
    1. Therapadana part 2
    2. Theri Apadana
    3. Buddhavamsa
    4. Cariyapitaka
  25. Maha Niddesa
  26. Cula Niddesa
  27. Jataka part 1
  28. Jataka part 2
  29. Patisambhidamagga
    1. Netti
    2. Petakopadesa
  30. Milindapanha

German Pali scholar Professor Dr Oskar von Hinüber describes this as an excellent edition.[3]

Aftermath

After the closure of the Council, many of the monks stayed on to carry out similar work on the commentaries and subcommentaries.

More recently, the Council's text has been made available on the internet.

Notes

  1. Rabindra Bijay Barua, The Theravāda Saṅgha, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dacca, 1978, page 317
  2. Compiled on the basis of 3 contemporaneous English-language accounts published in Burma:
    • The Chattha Sangayana Souvenir Album, Union Buddha Sasana Council Press, Yegu, Rangoon [1956], pages 153, 167, 188, 202, 209, 212, 225
    • Buddhism in Myanmar/Light of the Dhamma, volume III, number 3
    • The Nation (Rangoon), May 21, 1956: page 1, columns 3 & 4; page 4, column 3
    All 3 are full of mistakes, but correct each other sufficiently to establish the important details. These were also given on the internet by Professor U Ko Lay, but the link is now dead.
  3. Handbook of Pali Literature, de Gruyter, Berlin, 1996, pages 3f

External links

  • electronic transcript available at [1]
  • electronic transcript by Vipassana Research Institute available online in searchable database free of charge, or on CD-ROM (p&p only) from the Institute
  • Another electronic version is in pdf format, derived from optical scans of a Latin-script printed transcript published by the government of Myanmar: [2]